The Relationship between International Migration, Remittances, Education and Poverty in South Asia
Mahmud Muhammad Al, Yoshihiro KAMEYAMA

There is scanty information available regarding the impact of international migration on poverty levels in developing countries in South Asia. This study considered data set on remittances, poverty, education levels and government expenditure on education from seven countries in South Asia. This study revealed key findings, first, there was a statistical relationship between international migration and GDP per capita since the income inequality was a major determinant in migration. The distance between labor receiving country and the country of origin for migrants was also a major issue of concern that greatly affected international migration. There was an inverted U shaped curve between the level of a country’s international immigrants and GDP per capita. The study also noted that with an increase of about 12 percent in remittances will have a direct impact on the GDP with a 2 percent decrease in poverty levels. Data was a major impediment to determine the impact of remittances from immigrants since only official information was considered. The study also noted a direct effect from international migration on the economy of developing countries since the remittances sent home to have a profound impact on the living standard of people.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/jeds.v7n3a3