Analysis of the Movement of Entry and Exit of Food Poverty in West Africa: A Case Study of Benin Using a Multinomial Logit on Panel Data
Njoupouognigni Moussa

This article analyzes the dynamics of food poverty, the movements into and out of poverty and the factors that determine them. Based on data from the integrated modular household living conditions survey in Benin (2006, 2009 and 2011), recorded in the annals of the National Institute of Statistics and Economic Analysis (INSAE), movements into and out of food poverty are analyzed using a transition matrix. Multinomial logit regressions allowed us to highlight the determinants of membership in each cell of the transition matrix as well as the chronic and transitory poverty situation. This analysis shows that between 2006 and 2011, 40.37% of the initial poor households changed status or "transient poverty", while 55.69% of the initial households remained there or "chronic poverty". As a result, 30.69% of households fall into poverty in 2011.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/jeds.v7n1a4