Cereal Crops Price’s Instability and Food Security in Ségou Region
Aliou Bamamou Maiga, Mahamadou Bassirou Tangara, Tiedian Fané

The objective of this work is to determine the levels of accessibility and availability of some main cereal crops (millet, sorghum, maize and rice) in Ségou region’s markets. To do so, the analysis of price volatility and seasonal movements of flows was conducted. It specifically based on measurement of the level of consumer access to main crops (millet, sorghum, maize and rice) regarding macroeconomic indicators (inflation and economic growth), the analysis of price volatility by the Gaussian coefficient of variation method and the analysis of the dynamics of flows based on the extent of price seasonality. The best findings were that access to cereal crops in Ségou region is not related to the existence of a demand, as some economists’ argue. But it is also a function of an equitable distribution of the benefits of growth that is the wealth created in the country. The analysis of the seasonality of prices shows indeed that the marketing circuits and their direction are drawn according to the differences of coefficients of seasonality across consumer markets. The most available cereal during normal marketing periods and during the lean season is rice. Our results also show that, in consumer markets, cereal prices (millet, sorghum, maize and rice) are less volatile.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/jeds.v6n3a10